The UK's high voltage electricity grid, high pressure gas network and some of its low pressure gas networks are run by National Grid. The rest of the low pressure gas network and the low voltage electricity network are run by other companies.
These companies pass on fees to consumers and households via energy suppliers, which will rise under the proposals.
However, Ofgem has slashed 20% from the hikes that energy companies had suggested they needed to fund the programme.
It is understood that National Grid alone planned to spend some £31 billion on its programme but Ofgem has limited the overall industry spend to £17 billion, with a further £5 billion if it proves necessary.
A National Grid statement said: "While the information currently available is limited, we believe that these initial proposals will not appropriately incentivise the essential investments necessary to provide safe, reliable networks for the UK consumer and avoid delays to the achievement of the UK's environmental targets."